Keys to a Health and Safety Plan for Construction Sites

As a builder or main contractor on a construction site, the safety and health of workers cannot be neglected. In this article, we will explore in depth what a Site Health and Safety Plan is, who should draw it up, when it is necessary and how to manage subcontractors efficiently. In addition, we will offer practical tools and tips for easy and effective supervision of health and safety measures on your project.

Seguridad y salud
Seguridad y salud

What is a Health and Safety Plan on site and what is its function?

The Health and Safety Plan on site is a fundamental document that compiles all the risks and preventive measures of a construction project. Its main objective is to evaluate the risks associated with the project and to establish a plan for the preventive activities to be followed by the workers.
In order to draw up this plan, it is crucial to carry out a basic health and safety study that serves as a basis for identifying the specific needs of the project. This study should analyse the provisions of Royal Decree 1627/1997, which establishes the general principles applicable to the execution of works.
Once the plan has been drawn up, it is essential that all parties involved are aware of it and apply it rigorously. In a sector such as construction, where various professionals are involved, from plumbers to architects, cooperation and compliance with safety measures are essential to effectively reduce accidents at work.

Who must draw up and modify the Health and Safety Plan on site?

The Health and Safety Plan must be drawn up by each contractor involved in the project. Each contractor is responsible for providing the relevant part of the plan to its self-employed workers and subcontractors. In projects where several contractors are involved, there will be a health and safety plan for each contractor.
It is important that the plan is drawn up before the work begins and that it is approved by the health and safety coordinator during the execution of the work, in accordance with the provisions of Royal Decree 1627/97. In the case of public works, the plan must be approved by the competent administration and have the approval of the Health and Safety Coordinator.
The site management will always have access to the plan in order to make the necessary modifications and revisions to improve safety during its development.

¿Cuándo es necesario un Plan de Seguridad y Salud en obra?

La seguridad laboral en la construcción es una prioridad debido a los riesgos inherentes a este sector. Aunque se han implementado medidas preventivas, los accidentes laborales aún ocurren con frecuencia, lo que ha llevado a una normativa cada vez más estricta respecto a la necesidad de contar con un Plan de Seguridad y Salud en obra.
Según la normativa vigente, se requerirá un plan en proyectos que cumplan con alguno de los siguientes criterios:

Incluso en ausencia de un proyecto de obra, si se cumplen estas condiciones, se deberá elaborar un Plan de Seguridad y Salud personalizado.

¿Cómo gestionar a los subcontratistas de manera eficiente?

La gestión de subcontratistas es un aspecto crucial en la ejecución de proyectos de construcción. A continuación, presentamos los documentos exigibles a los autónomos y a la maquinaria de obra, así como algunos consejos para una gestión eficiente:

Documentación exigible a autónomos en obra:

Documentación exigible a maquinaria de obra:

¿Cómo se elabora un Plan de Seguridad y Salud en obra?

El contenido del plan debe basarse en el estudio de seguridad previo e incluir todas las medidas preventivas necesarias. Aunque no existe una estructura fija, debe contener elementos como:

Existen modelos y plantillas disponibles que pueden facilitar la elaboración del plan, como los proporcionados por la Asociación Nacional de Empresas de Trabajos Verticales y En Altura o la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia.

Easy supervision of health and safety measures on site

The monitoring of health and safety measures can be simplified by using tools that allow:

With these tools, it is possible to keep detailed track of health and safety measures on site, facilitating communication and risk management.